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Banner: Aboriginal Resources and Services - Frequently Asked QuestionsBanner: Aboriginal Resources and Services

What information is available on Indian treaties and land claims?

There are a number of sources that will help with Treaty research. One of these is the Indian and Northern Affairs Canada website, available at: www.ainc-inac.gc.ca. Once here, go to the link entitled "Historic Treaty Information" in the Publications & Research section, or go directly to this chapter available at: www.ainc-inac.gc.ca/pr/trts/hti/site/maindex_e.html. There is also another helpful link under "Information Sheets" in the Publications & Research section, at the following URL: www.ainc-inac.gc.ca/pr/info/is30_e.html.

For additional questions pertaining to Treaties, contact the INAC Claims and Historical Research Centre at:

Indian and Northern Affairs Canada
Historical Research Centre
10 Wellington St.
Hull, QC  K1A 0H4
Telephone: 819-997-8155
Fax: 819-997-9873

Contact the INAC departmental library as follows:

Indian and Northern Affairs Library
14th Floor, Les Terrasses de la Chaudière
10 Wellington St.
Hull, QC  K1A 0H4
Telephone: 819-997-0811
Fax: 819-953-5491
Email: referebce@inac.gc.ca

Other web sites:

- Aboriginal Canada Information Project : Aboriginal Links, available at:
See the section entitled "Treaties, law and land claims". This section currently includes many helpful links including one to the Indian Claims Commission, a bibliography of printed works on treaties for Indigenous peoples in Australia, Canada and the United States, and a site for Aboriginal Law and Legislation in various countries.
- Aboriginal Canada Portal, available at:
Click on "Claims and treaties" on the left side of the screen. Here are found various federal government links provided by INAC, Justice Canada, the Law Commission of Canada, National Defence and Natural Resources, as well as other related information sources.
- Assembly of First Nations, available at:
Select your language of preference, At the left of the screen, under "Programs," click on "Treaties and Lands." This is a valuable source because there is a link to information not seen elsewhere, such as documentation on the AFN's Independent Claims Body.
- Canadian Encyclopedia Online, available at:
Once here, type "Indian treaties" in the search box. Numerous entries will result, of varying levels of relevance.
- Indian Claims Commission : Publications, available at:
- SchoolNet Digital Collections : Indian Treaties, available at:
- Virtual Law Office by Bill Henderson, available at:
The home page is that of a lawyer who has put together some information pertaining to Aboriginal and treaty rights. Once here, scroll down the page to two very relevant links entitled: A Brief Introduction to Aboriginal Law in Canada, and Aboriginal Law and Legislation Online. There are also many other relevant links at this site. The "Brief Introduction" is also available at:

There are many print resources on this topic. To search the online interface to the LAC National Union Catalogue, go to: http://amicus.collectionscanada.ca/aaweb/aalogine.htm. Once here, click on "Search"; then, choose an index such as "Subject Keyword," and type "Indian treaties Canada." Over 100 titles will result using the "Any AMICUS Database," some of which may be located locally.

Titles at LAC can be accessed through interlibrary loan. Service copies of titles in the Library and Archives' collections can normally be borrowed on interlibrary loan by making arrangements with a local public or university library. Details about the LAC's interlibrary loan services can also be found on the LAC Web site at:

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