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Treaties, Surrenders and Agreements

Photograph of Chief Beardy and Interpreter Baily waiting for the Commissioners. Taken during the Treaty 9 Payments

Treaty 9 payments,
Trout Lake, Ontario

Library and Archives Canada (LAC) holds an extensive, but not a complete, collection of historic Canadian Indian treaties, land surrenders, and related agreements (ITS). The collection contains a variety of documents that span more than 275 years, including a May 1680 seigneurial grant to the Jesuits in New France, and a 1956 adhesion to western Treaty 6 (1876). These historical records, many of which are reserve land surrenders, are of particular interest and cultural importance to Canada's Aboriginal peoples.

Visit the virtual exhibition Aboriginal Documentary Heritage