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Banner: Women in Canadian Life and Society, Music, and Literature


Canadian women have contributed to Canada's musical heritage as performers, composers or songwriters and to Canada's literary heritage as writers and poets. Biographies have also been included for a selection of lesser known women from across the country who through their strength, courage and determination have made significant contributions to the development of Canadian life and society. With a few exceptions, these "pioneers" were all born before 1900.

Also included are two selective bibliographies, focusing on Canadian Women's History and Canadian Women in Music.


Contributors to Canadian Life and Society

Martha Munger Black

Adventurer, Member of Parliament
Victoria Belcourt Callihoo Métis Historian
Mary Shadd Cary Editor and Civil Rights Advocate
E. Cora Hind Agriculturist and Journalist
Marie Lacoste Gérin-Lajoie Pioneer Quebec Feminist
Emily Jennings Stowe and
Augusta Stowe Gullen
Pioneer Women Doctors

Women in Canadian Music

Emma (Lajeunesse) Albani

Opera Singer
Helen Creighton Folklorist, Folksong Collector
La Bolduc (Mary Travers) Singer, Songwriter
Kathleen Parlow Violinist
Barbara Pentland Composer
Ethel Stark Conductor

Women in Canadian Literature

Félicité Angers (Laure Conan)
Robertine Barry (Françoise)
Harriet Vaughan Cheney, Eliza Lanesford Cushing and Eleanor H. Lay
Rosanna Leprohon
Agnes Maule Machar
Isabella Valancy Crawford

Key Reference Sources

Canadian Women's History: A Selective Bibliography
Canadian Women in Music: A Selective Bibliography