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Montreal Emigrant Society Passage Book (1832)
Online Help

Background
Database
Search Screen
How to Interpret the Results
How to Obtain Copies
Other Resources

Background

In the early 1800s, an increasing number of immigrants from the British Isles were arriving in North America. The St. Lawrence River was the main seaway at the time and the city of Québec became a major destination point for over 30,000 immigrants a year. About two-thirds of them were Irish.

During those years, many poor immigrants had to rely on benevolent societies for assistance when they arrived in North America. The Montreal Emigrant Society was established in 1831. Its main purpose was to provide transportation for immigrants who had arrived at Montréal from Québec and were destined for settlement in different parts of Lower Canada (Quebec) and Upper Canada (Ontario).

Agricultural products from the Great Lakes region of Upper Canada were sent to Montréal by boat. On the return voyage from Montréal, the boats were used to transport immigrants going to Upper Canada. Besides paying such transportation costs, the Montreal Emigrant Society also provided employment and temporary relief in sheds located on the west side of the Lachine Canal in Ste-Anne-de-Bellevue.

From 1831 to 1835, the Montreal Emigrant Society provided relief to 49,740 immigrants; in 1832 only, 10,244 immigrants were given relief and 8,763 received assistance to settle.

Return of the poor and destitute emigrants forwarded and relieved by the Montreal Emigrant Society from 23rd May 1832 to 1st November 1832.

Where sentAdultsUnder 14Under 7InfantsTotal
To Upper Canada
Cornwall161486935313
Prescott2,7781,0771,4645915,910
Brockville506121198101926
Kingston3261051460637
Cobourg544114
Port Hope22217
York88365226202
Niagara423211
Bytown70284013151
To Lower Canada
Laprairie184378231334
Québec11103
Châteauguay13210631
Godmanchester10214
St. Andrews523212
Point Fortune937120
Chatham10001
Three Rivers414110
William Henry20114
Carillon56193210117
Granby1086125
Cascades30014
Lancaster724215
Petite Nation22206
Coteau du Lac10001
Stanstead22105
Total4,2411,5022,1338878,763

Library and Archives Canada holds one register of names of immigrants for the year 1832 from the Montreal Emigrant Society (RG 7 G18). The register is available on microfilm reel H-962. This is the only register from the Montreal Emigrant Society that Library and Canada holds. We have not been able to locate similar registers for other years in other institutions. This register has been scanned and digitized images are accessible in this database.

The register for 1832 contains columns for the following information:

  • Ticket Number
  • Names
  • Age - Above 60
  • Age - Above 40
  • Age - Above 20
  • Children - Over 14 years
  • Children - Under 14 years
  • Children - Under 7 years
  • Children - Infants
  • Where From
  • Where Sent
  • Occupation or Trade
  • Rations - Pork
  • Rations - Biscuit
  • Rations - Oatmeal
  • Remarks

Database

This research tool provides access to 1,947 references to the Montreal Emigrant Society Passage Book for 1832 held at Library and Archives Canada.

Staff members had originally created a nominal card index to the register. Information from the cards was input into this database. The register was consulted to verify the original indexing.

The content of the database entries reflects the original language used in the documents. This information was not translated.

Important note: Given that some of the original documents are very difficult to read, some information in the database may be incorrect and/or incomplete.

Search Screen

The search screen allows you to search by the name of the head of family or group that was given relief. You can enter a surname and/or given name.

Note that some entries include only an initial for the given names. Try searching by surname only.

When you have entered your search terms, click on "Submit". The number of hits found will be shown at the top of the results screen.

How to Interpret the Results

Results List

Your search results will be posted as a summary list from which you will be able to obtain more detailed descriptions.

The results list contains the following fields:

Name (surname and given name of the head of family or group)
Where sent (destination)

You can export the results to a diskette or to your own computer.

Click on the icon Icon appearing on the left-hand side of the screen beside the name of the person of interest to you to access the detailed description.

Detailed Description

The detailed description contains the following fields:

Name (surname and given name)
Year
Where sent
Ticket number
Reference
Microfilm reel number

You can view the corresponding page by clicking on "View image".

How to Obtain Copies

You can print the images or save the images on your own computer. Use the following Access link for other options such as borrowing microfilm.

How to Access Library and Archives Canada Records

Other Resources

Other archival immigration records exist. Consult Immigration for more information about these records.